The Blueprint for Maryland’s Future includes a phased-in implementation of its programs and initiatives over 10 years. As the Blueprint programs phase in over time, the corresponding financial resources also phase in over time. The financial phase-in happens through changes to the Per-Pupil Foundation Amount, changes to funding formula weights, and changes to eligibility for different funding formula components. This means that the amount of per-pupil and funding will change each year. Some examples of these phase-in changes included below.
The Blueprint includes new mechanisms to create more transparency and accountability around how the funding is budgeted and spent. The Blueprint law makes this happen through a few key provisions.
In Maryland, State education funding, including the funding calculated through the Blueprint funding formula, is allocated to the county school districts. Each school district is then expected to distribute the funds to their individual schools. The Blueprint increases accountability for this process through the new “minimum school funding” provision which requires districts to distribute funding to specific schools based on an individual school’s student enrollment.
Additionally, the Blueprint directs the Maryland State Department of Education to create and implement a new financial reporting data system that collects, analyzes, and reports on the finances of each school district. Based on the financial data collected by the new financial reporting data system, the department will also submit reports on school–level expenditures to the Accountability and Implementation Board each year.